Nanyang Street

Built on the bank of a river that is over 300 meters long, “Nanyang Street” has 70 buildings characterized by typical South Asian features, where the Chinese elements stand in contrast to Western styles. The very appealing and intriguing ones are buildings that are representative of architectural styles from that period, like memorial arches, piers, bridges and churches.

Characteristics of Nanyang Architecture:

As an important typical Nanyang architecture, Nanyang arcade is a building with a corridor on the first floor and apartments above. The gallery is beautifully characterized with distinctive decorative styles such as Baroque, Romanesque, Gothic and Nanyang style. It is along the corridor of the living area, free from wind, rain and sunlight, and connects the inner room with outside.

Activities & Performance

A TOUR AROUND · Nanyang Street

A-01 Prototype: Hong Kong Alexander House Located at the intersection of Des Voeux Road and Chater Road, the five-storey Hong Kong Alexander House was built in 1905, during this period honored as “A New Building Endued with Most Logical Renaissance-style” described by SCMP, demolished and rebuilt in 1952.
A-04 Prototype: Nanyang Building Formerly known as the branch office of Nanyang Brothers Tobacco Company, it was founded by the Jian brothers, overseas Chinese from Nanyang. Located at the downstream of Liudu Bridge, Zhongshan Road, Hankow District, Wuhan, Hubei Province, Nanyang Building is a 1000 m2 historic building which began construction in 1917 and was completed in 1921. The dome-shaped building, constructed of reinforced concrete and granite walls, stood out as one of the most typical Western-style building in Hankow.
A-08 Prototype: Sassoon House As the highest building in the Shanghai Bund, Sassoon House is frame-constructed of reinforced concrete, A-shaped in plane view. Its facade adopts mainly vertical lines, carved with patterns on the cornice and half height line. It was time of very full Chicago academic style in America, taking the design tactics of which Sassoon House greatly simplified the shape, architectural composition and decoration in detail.
D-01 Prototype: Haikou Arcade Street (Water Lane) The inaugural Selection & Recommendation of “Chinese Famous Historic and Cultural Streets” announced its results in Beijing on June 10, 2009, and Haikou Arcade Street made the list. Its unique flavor and distinct characteristics won over the judges and was honored as one of China’s Top 10 “Famous Historic and Cultural Streets”. Most of the arcade buildings were built by overseas Chinese who returned from Nanyang in the beginning of the last century; hence the Nanyang architectural style heavily influenced the construction design. Decorated with elegant delicate sculptures and exotic decorations, it spreads a tinge of Baroque. Most arcade buildings are two to three storeys; some retaining its earlier trade name, and the finely carved patterns on handrails, doors and windows.
D-02 Prototype: Liwan Museum Located at No. 84, Fengyuan North Street, Longjin West Road, Liwan District, Guangzhou, Liwan Museum was the former residence of Mr. Chen Lianzhong - the comprador of Britain’s HSBC in the early period of the Republic of China. Listed as Guangzhou’s cultural relic site in 1993, .it was the first district-level museum in Guangdong province which mainly focuses on the collection, exhibition and research of Liwan history, culture and folk customs.
D-03 Prototype: He Shaoxia’s Former Residence He Shaoxia, known as King of Pipa (which is a four-stringed musical instrument like the Chinese lute), was born in a family of scholars for generations in Guangdong. His former residence located at No.10, Daxiangyong Road, Shawan, Panyu District, Guangzhou City, is a building of typical Shawan style, a kind of water town culture characterized by traditional historic and folk essences. In Shawan, the ancient town, many clan ancestral halls, temples and ancient residences can still be found today. This includes one bamboo house, three rooms and two galleries, pot-ear house, tall buildings, western-style and free-style residences. All these buildings took on characteristics of the Lingnan culture, embodied in the huge magnitudes of tile carving, woodcarving, stonework, plaster sculpture and wall painting.
D-04 Prototype: Dongshan Western-style House Dongshan Western-style house is a unique type of residential building distinct to Guangzhou city. Combining both Chinese and Western features, these buildings were typically two to three stories high with clean brown walls, doorway lined with pillars, doors and windows made of teakwood, and a small backyard divided by a Western-style elegant colonnade. Residing in those houses were either high officials and noble lords or rich overseas Chinese businessmen at that time. They were affluent, had high standards of living and adopted the Western culture. Their clothing, lifestyles and behaviors were so different from those of the common people, thus nicknamed as “Dongshan Noblemen”.
E-04 Prototype: Xiguan Grand Houses The area outside the west gate of Guangzhou was collectively called “Xiguan” during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, a name which remains in use today. At that time, Xiguan was the center for Guangzhou’s business and trade where many distinguished families, senior officials and businessmen settled here. It was in Xiguan where they built many luxurious houses at that time, called “Xiguan Grand Houses”. These tall, spacious, and beautifully-decorated houses are characterized typically by the Lingnan architecture style.
E-16 Prototype: Pat Wo Wui Kun Located at No. 177 on Yan Ning Road in Liwan District, Guangzhou, Pat Wo Wui Kun was founded by a group of Cantonese opera artists. It was formerly located in Foshan and named Qionghua guild. In the 18th year of Emperor Guangxu in the Qing Dynasty (1889), Pat Wo Wui Kun was jointly set up by Cantonese opera artists such as Kuang Xinhua, Du Jiaoying and Lin Zhi at Jalan Panai in Guangzhou. After the ban on Cantonese opera was lifted in the Qing Dynasty, the guild played a positive role in promoting its development. With Cantonese opera widening its reach, Pat Wo Wui Kun now has branches across 18 countries; with the Guangdong branch as its Headquarters.
Prototype: The Gate of Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital is located at No. 277 southeast Campus of SYSU, Haizhu District, Guangzhou city. As a large Grade-A tertiary general hospital, it integrates functions of medical treatment, teaching, scientific research, prevention and healthcare. Founded in 1835, the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital (also known as the Second Affiliated Hospital to SYSU)is the oldest hospital which has provided western medicine in China for 179 years.
Prototype: Huangpu Port (Jiangyuan Wharf) The ancient Huangpu Port is located in Shiji Village, Haizhu District, Guangzhou, formerly known as Jiangyuan Wharf. It has been the “port of sea ships” since Southern Song Dynasty, and today, the “Praya Street” still remained on the shore . Adjacent to the wharf, there was a flourishing bazaar lined with busy shops and stands; today villagers can still uncover wooden stakes and pile foundations they build houses. Huangpu Port has witnessed the prosperity of Guangzhou as a port along the “Maritime Silk Road”. Since Song Dynasty, the Huangpu Village has played an important role in overseas trade.
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